Elementary and secondary educational institutions have mounting challenges to address in order to maintain standards of quality for academics and facilities, especially as the population of students continues to increase, and the way we’re looking at traditional school structures is evolving as a result of COVID-19.
From playgrounds and athletic facilities to lunchrooms, cafeterias, and other common areas, growing student numbers have a notable impact on a variety of different types of school facilities. Pair this with the need for social distancing and size limitations on traditional classrooms during the pandemic, and the need for intuitive designing and planning is of utmost importance.
How Enrollment Growth Affects Schools
School enrollment has been steadily growing since 1985, after growing rapidly in the previous decades due to the baby boom that followed the end of World War II. In 2019, approximately 56.6 million students attended elementary and secondary schools in the United States, and projected data from Education.org predicts that enrollment rates will continue to climb.
To accommodate these growing numbers of new school-age students, school districts have implemented a variety of different solutions. Although new construction still happens, schools often bring in portable modular classrooms as a first step to take in higher numbers of students. School districts are frequently considering more creative solutions such as implementing centers for educating only 9th graders, which actually has positive ramifications on the students’ academics according to research. Other schools have even looked at double shift schooling, especially now, in order to make classroom sizes more manageable and also to decrease the risk of COVID-19 exposure.
The construction of new local schools is less and less of a viable option, as schools battle lack of funding, the unavailability of suitable land, and sometimes even neighborhood or community opposition.
How COVID-19 Affects Schools
In addition to overpopulation, traditional school structures have several issues that could heighten the rate of coronavirus transmission. Crowded hallways, bottlenecked doorways, large common-use areas, and cramped classrooms need to be taken into consideration when finding a solution for a safe, COVID-free school environment.
Outdoor Facilities for Schools in Different Climates
Beyond classrooms, schools in extreme climates face additional challenges when planning and maintaining facilities that keep their students safe and promote both academic and extracurricular activities.
Hot and Sunny Environments
Outdoor facilities for sports and play often need shelter from the sun — particularly for prekindergarten and elementary-age children who are more vulnerable to sun exposure. Most schools for this age group have outdoor playgrounds and play areas for children to spend time in between different subjects or before and after school, but these are not always covered with a playground canopy or shelter.
According to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, “Sun damage in childhood is one of the most important causes of skin cancer in adults… Bad sunburns in childhood risk the later development of malignant melanoma (the most dangerous type of skin cancer).” On average, people will get 80% of their lifetime sun exposure by their 18th year, so it is very important for children of all ages to be protected.
Cold, Stormy, and Snowy Climates
Although forgoing outdoor recess in place of indoor activities during cold, rainy, windy, or snowy weather sounds reasonable, outdoor play is essential for pre-K and elementary-age children. As long as children are adequately dressed, the temperature is safe, and the outdoor playground or play area is protected from the elements, outdoor recess during “poor” weather should still be an option.
Types of Playground Shelters for Schools
Playground canopy buildings can be made from a wide variety of building materials.
While some covered play area canopy designs are constructed with brick-and-mortar materials such as steel, concrete, and wood, other building materials can offer added benefits. For example, high-quality fabric playground structures from WeatherPort Shelter Systems™ are made with extremely durable and tensioned membranes over a high-strength steel or aluminum frame system. A WeatherPort playground canopy will be resistant to mildew and mold, last for many years, block harmful UV rays, as well as protect against heavy rain and snow.
Unlike permanent brick-and-mortar playground shelters, fabric structures also offer more versatility of use since they can be moved, expanded, or used for entirely different applications due to their portability.
Playground Canopy Applications
The ideal type or style of playground shelter often depends on the school, its location, and specific needs for their covered play area canopy.
In warm climates, a simple open-air playground canopy may not be sufficient, and a fully-enclosed play area that can be kept cool with air conditioning and other systems may be more appropriate. In places with colder or more temperamental weather, a more enclosed canopy, or one customized with added side panels, would be more appropriate for allowing children to enjoy recess regardless of the rain or wind.
WeatherPort building specialists can also help design indoor play areas and other fully-enclosed buildings with a wide range of customizations to accommodate HVAC systems and other necessary facility systems.
Open-air canopies and sun shelters: Ideal for playground covers, picnic shelters, dugout sun shades, carousels, and other outdoor school facilities, an open-air canopy can be used rain or shine to protect children as they play. WeatherPort playground canopies are available in a wide range of sizes, configurations, and styles for these purposes.
Covered sports and event canopies: For elementary schools as well as secondary education facilities, sun shades and weatherproof shelters are often needed for athletic areas and sports fields.
Many schools are taking steps to promote healthier habits for young students, incorporating the CDC’s Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model, and schools in warm climates will require shelters from harsh sun, rain, wind, or snow, for their active areas. In addition to large pavilion tents and bleacher canopies, shelters may be needed for concession stands, kiosks, and other athletic purposes, including secured equipment storage.
General activity weather covers: Beyond playground cover canopy shelters and athletic structures, schools may need these shelters for other areas such as bus stops, covers for walkways and sidewalks, and stage covers for outdoor school events to protect students from bright sunlight and dangerous UV rays, as well as heavy rains, wind, and snow.
Surfacing Materials for Playground Shelters at Schools
Designed with versatility in mind, WeatherPort playground canopies and fabric building systems can be installed on most types of surfaces, including concrete, asphalt, gravel, dirt, and even the safety surfacing used for many playgrounds.
For brand-new playground and outdoor active spaces, school administrators should consider the common different types of surfacing materials in order to select one that best fits their needs as well as the students who will be using them.
The two most common categories of safety surfacing are loose fill surfacing such as Engineered Wood Fiber (EWF) and rubber playground mulch, or unitary surfaces that will minimize the impact for younger children if they fall, such as Poured-in-Place (PIP) rubber, interlocking rubber tiles, or synthetic grass. There are pros and cons to these types, which most commonly address cost, fall protection, ease of mobility, displacement potential (and maintenance), required infrastructure, and life span.
How WeatherPort Canopies Prevent Damage and Cut Costs
Not only will canopies and portable tensioned fabric structures protect children from the sun’s harmful UV rays — as well as heavy wind, rain, and snowfall — but they can also prevent some wear-and-tear on playground equipment such as rust, fading, and other consequences of exposure to the elements. This can help reduce maintenance costs while extending and maximizing the life span of playground and other equipment.
WeatherPort playground canopies have the added benefit of UV-stabilization versus coating, which is far more effective at blocking UV rays long-term. Not only does this offer more protection for the children playing under the shelters, it also reduces the need for most ongoing maintenance of the canopy itself. Since these structures will not rot and are resistant to mold and mildew, they will also maintain well in wet weather during the fall and winter months.
The high-quality materials and the fact that WeatherPort playground canopies and other buildings exceed the California Code of Regulations (CCR) for membrane structures mean that schools can enjoy the benefits and protection these structures provide for many, many years.
Other Outdoor School Facilities
As schools grow and expand their existing buildings and infrastructure to accommodate more students, the versatility of highly durable and long-lasting fabric building systems can be taken advantage of for additional applications. Schools may also consider these flexible structures for other common areas such as cafeterias, lunchrooms, workout and training facilities, or even school theaters — especially during the coronavirus pandemic.
Adding modular classrooms or outdoor canopies can help reopen schools, avoid overcrowding, and comply with CDC guidelines for reduced COVID exposure. Outdoor classrooms, offices, cafeterias, and other common school facilities created with temporary, portable shade structures would potentially eliminate transmission through increasing space and airflow.
For more information on WeatherPort playground shelters and shade structures, or to schedule a free consultation to design a playground structure, call us at 970-399-5909 or email us at email@example.com.